【投稿英文期刊】中国人常范的错误1

本文引自: http://bbs.sciencenet.cn/showtopic-98777.aspxhttp://www.ebiotrade.com/newsf/2005-11/20051124181611.htm

 

如果您是以英语为母语,那么下面所讲的问题可能不会成为问题。但是,对于学中文出身的人有一个非常麻烦的语法问题,那就是冠词(article)。这之所以会成为一个问题也是非常容易理解的,因为中文里面根本没有与之相对应的部分,同理,外国人也对量词感到费解。学英语最初接触的就是"a, an, the",但是,学到最后发现被难住的也是这三个简单的词。

单数前的"a, an, the"是最容易被忽略的。冠词意味着后面将出现一个名词,在冠词余名词之间的修饰词语都是针对这个名词的(如:a big blue bicycle/the first award),a和an是不定冠词,the是定冠词。下面将举几个错误的例子:
 
Incorrect Figure 2 shows the distribution of relative velocity on surface of main and splitter blades.
 
Correct Figure 2 shows the distribution of relative velocity on the surface of the main and splitter blades.
 
Incorrect The software PowerSHAPE is chosen to be a 3D modeling tool; it is good at dealing with free surfaces and curves.
 
Correct The software PowerSHAPE is chosen to be the 3D modeling tool; it is good at dealing with free surfaces and curves.
因为在文章中仅提到一次“3D modeling tool”,因此3D modeling tool是特指且唯一的,需要用定冠词the。
 
Incorrect A theoretical method for calculating the inner flow-field in centrifugal impeller with splitter blades and investigation of the interactions between main and splitter blades is presented in this paper. The vortices are distributed on the main and splitter blades to simulate the effects of flows. Systematical study of number and distribution of vortices is conducted.
 
Correct A theoretical method for calculating the inner flow-field in a centrifugal impeller with splitter blades and an investigation of the interactions between main and splitter blades is presented in this paper. The vortices are distributed on the main and splitter blades to simulate the effects of flows. A systematical study of the number and distribution of vortices is conducted.
 
Incorrect Theoretically, remanufacturing could fully take advantage of resources contained in EOF product thereby minimizing impact on environment to the greatest extent compared to landfill or recycling of materials; consequently it contributes greatly to resource conservation.
 
Correct Theoretically, remanufacturing could fully take advantage of resources contained in an EOF product thereby minimizing the impact on the environment to the greatest extent compared to landfill or recycling of materials; consequently it contributes greatly to resource conservation.
 
冠词是英语当中最典型的限定词,包括定冠词、不定冠词和零冠词。通过限定词我们可以了解后面的名词是范指(a tree)还是特指(the tree)。
 
更多英文期刊投稿中常见的错误见附件(附件打“×”号没关系,不影响下载,选择“点击下载此文件”即可)
 
冠词使用指南:
 
 
 

 




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